0509 Brevity: Valuing Each Word-Answer and Explanation 簡潔準則:惜字如金 正確解答

Answer: “ran all the way around” replace with “circled.”

“The baseball player circled the infield in the pouring rain after he hit the game-ending homer, failing to touch a single base.”
Answer: We believe the best word choice is “circled.” Because the hitter splashed around the diamond in the rain, a fun choice might be “circumnavigated,” which often refers to circling via water. Either choice is superior to the wordy “ran all the way around.” That phrase not only is commonplace, it suffers from having an unnecessary modifying phrase in its midst—“all the way.” Unless otherwise specified, running around something implies running “all the way” around it.
題目中,最能準確表達畫線部分意義的答案,應為circled。除此之外,因為打擊者是在雨中繞著內野奔跑,所以也可以使用較活潑的circumnavigated一字,常意指於水面上環航。這兩個選擇比冗長的ran all the way around好,因為它過於通俗且包括贅述的修飾語all the way。除非需特別說明,對著某物 run around 通常已包括all the way 繞行的意思。

Sometimes extra words are necessary to convey import or distinction. For instance, were bases on a baseball diamond one mile from each other, to run “all the way” would be a notable feat for someone other than a dedicated runner. Using the phrase in that instance emphasizes the distance involved. And sometimes a longer expression is acceptable because it maintains or interrupts a written cadence and, thus, more expressly conveys a mood or thought. While this is less a consideration in academic writing than in literary writing, it is not to be dismissed as a communication tool.
有時傳達重要或區分不同意義時,必須多用幾個字來強調。比方說在棒球場內,壘包如果相距長達一哩,用all the way加以修飾,表示對非職業長跑者而言,跑這段路相當不簡單,也就是說,all the way在例子裡的用途是強調距離。有時拉長修飾語,可藉以維持或打斷句子的韻律,更明確地傳達作者的心情與思緒。儘管學術論文不比文學作品,這方面的考量較少,這種技巧仍然是有效且不容忽視的溝通工具。

Selecting correct words is, of course, rooted in corollary assets of clear writing, such as vocabulary and knowledge (thorough research). Nevertheless, wordsmiths with copious word lists at their command sometimes fail to select the best word. Knowing many words and knowing how to use them are not the same credential. Choosing a word that most accurately, effectively, and succinctly expresses an intended meaning is a skill that is teachable. Any writer blessed with judgment and a good work ethic can master this technique of concise writing.


TPS Editorial Team

Posted at 2011-05-12 10:42:42

0 Response to 0509 Brevity: Valuing Each Word-Answer and Explanation 簡潔準則:惜字如金 正確解答